Introgression of chromosome segments from multiple alien species in wheat breeding lines with wheat streak mosaic virus resistance

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324. Ali N, Heslop-Harrison JS, Ahmad H, Graybosch RA, Hein GL, Schwarzacher T. 2016. Introgression of chromosome segments from multiple alien species in wheat breeding lines with wheat streak mosaic virus resistance. Heredity (2016) 117, 114–123; published online 1 June 2016 doi:10.1038/hdy.2016.36

Author version: N_Ali_et al 2016 Multiple Alien Introgressions in Wheat

Publisher site: http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/vaop/ncurrent/pdf/hdy201636a.pdf

Pyramiding of alien-derived Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) resistance and resistance enhancing genes in wheat is a cost-effective and environmentally safe strategy for disease control. PCR-based markers and cytogenetic analysis with genomic in situ hybridization were applied to identify alien chromatin in four genetically diverse populations of wheat (Triticum aestivum) lines incorporating chromosome segments from Thinopyrum intermedium and Secale cereale (rye). Out of twenty experimental lines, ten carried Th. intermedium chromatin as T4DL*4Ai#2S translocations, while, unexpectedly, seven lines were positive for alien chromatin (Th. intermedium or rye) on chromosome 1B. The newly described rye 1RS chromatin, transmitted from early in the pedigree, was associated with enhanced WSMV-resistance. Under field conditions, the 1RS chromatin alone showed some resistance, while together with the Th. intermedium 4Ai#2S offered superior resistance to that demonstrated by the known resistant cultivar Mace. Most alien-wheat lines carry whole chromosome arms, and it is notable that these lines showed intra-arm recombination within the 1BS arm. The translocation breakpoints between 1BS and alien chromatin fell in three categories: 1) at or near to the centromere, 2) intercalary between markers UL-Thin5 and Xgwm1130, and 3) towards the telomere between Xgwm0911 and Xbarc194. Labelled genomic Th. intermedium DNA hybridized to the rye 1RS chromatin under high stringency conditions, indicating the presence of shared tandem repeats among the cereals. The novel small alien fragments may explain the difficulty in developing well-adapted lines carrying Wsm1 despite improved tolerance to the virus. The results will facilitate directed chromosome engineering producing agronomically desirable WSMV-resistant germplasm.

KEYWORDS

Fluorescent in situ hybridization, molecular markers, wheat, Thinopyrum intermedium, rye, Wheat streak mosaic virus

 

Author version: N_Ali_et al 2016 Multiple Alien Introgressions in Wheat

Publisher site: http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/vaop/ncurrent/pdf/hdy201636a.pdf

 

 

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About Pat Heslop-Harrison

Professor of Molecular Cytogenetics and Cell Biology, University of Leicester Chief Editor, Annals of Botany. Research: genome evolution, breeding and biodiversity in agricultural species; the impact of agriculture; evalutation of research and advanced training.
This entry was posted in cereals, chromosomes, cytogenetics, Publications, Species, wheat and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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