Chromosomal landscapes of Endogenous Retroviruses (ERVs) integrated in the sheep nuclear genome

Sarbast Ihsan Mustafa, Trude Schwarzacher and John S. Heslop-Harrison The Nature and Chromosomal Landscape of Endogenous Retroviruses (ERVs) Integrated in the Sheep Nuclear Genome. DNA 2022, 2(1), 86-103; Free full text: https://doi.org/10.3390/dna2010007 Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) represent genomic components of retroviral origin that are found integrated in the genomes of various species of vertebrates. These genomic…

Bovine satellite DNAs and a history of the evolution of complexity and its impact in the Bovidae family

348. Escudeiro A, Ferreira D, Mendes-da-Silva A, Heslop-Harrison JS, Adega F, Chaves R. 2019. Bovine satellite DNAs–a history of the evolution of complexity and its impact in the Bovidae family. European Zoological Journal. 2019 Jan 1 86(1):20-37. https://doi.org/10.1080/24750263.2018.1558294 (Open access) Despite the many questions regarding satellite DNA sequences and their cellular roles, the evolutionary history of…

Enset in Ethiopia as a poorly characterized but resilient starch staple: review article

349. Borrell JS, Biswas MK, Goodwin M, Blomme G, Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison JS, Wendawek AM, Berhanu A, Kallow S, Janssens S, Molla EL, Davis AP, Woldeyes F, Willis K, Demissew S, Wilkin P. 2019. Enset in Ethiopia: a poorly characterized but resilient starch staple. Annals of Botany 123: mcy214 online first https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcy214 (freely available download) Author version: borrell_enset_review_author_version_plusfiguresauthorversionDownload • Background Enset…

Perspectives on research with varietal diversity and sustainable utilization in enset (Ensete banana)

347. Wilkin P, Davis A, Demissew S, Etherington T, Goodwin M, Heslop-Harrison P, Schwarzacher T, Willis K. 2018. A perspective to enhance innovative research with emphasis on varietal diversity and sustainable utilization of enset (Ensete ventricosum). Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences 17(Suppl.): 201–209. Wilkin et al. Perspectives for research and enset. Ethiopian J Biol Sci…

IAEA-FAO Manual on mutation breeding and introduction to plant breeding and selection

346. Nielen S., Forster BP, Heslop-Harrison JS. 2018. Mutagen effects in the first generation after seed treatment: biological effects of mutation treatments. Chapter 4 In: FAO/IAEA. Manual on Mutation Breeding – Third edition. Spencer-Lopes MM, Forster BP, Jankuloski L (eds), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy. 301 pp. Free download of whole book:…

Complete mitogenomes from Kurdistani sheep – abundant centromeric nuclear copies representing diverse ancestors

341. Mustafa SI, Schwarzacher T, and Heslop-Harrison JS. 2018. Complete mitogenomes from Kurdistani sheep: abundant centromeric nuclear copies representing diverse ancestors.  Mitochondrial DNA Part A https://doi.org/10.1080/24701394.2018.1431226 (publisher – see free publisher link below if you can’t access) AND Mustafa et al_2018 AuthorVersion The geographical center of domestication and species diversity for sheep (Ovis aries) lies around the…

Morphology, adaptation and speciation

Heslop-Harrison JS. 2017. Morphology, adaptation and speciation. Annals of Botany 120(7): 621-624. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcx130The study of plant evolution and development in a phylogenetic context has accelerated research advances in both areas over the last decade. The addition of a robust phylogeny for plant taxa based on DNA as well as morphology has given a strong context for this research. Genetics…

Crop Improvement – Plant Nuclear Genomes

328. Heslop-Harrison JS. 2017. Crop Improvement: Plant Nuclear Genomes. Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences 2nd Edition. In proof. Plant breeders work with large amounts of DNA sequence information including the sequences of all genes and the repetitive DNA that makes up the majority of most genomes. Knowledge of the diversity and evolution of the sequences…

Repetitive DNA in the catfish genome- rDNA, microsatellites, and Tc1-mariner transposon sequences in Imparfinis

339. Gouveia JG, Wolf IR, Vilas-Boas LA, Heslop-Harrison JS, Schwarzacher T, Dias AL. 2017. Repetitive DNA in the catfish genome: rDNA, microsatellites, and Tc1-mariner transposon sequences in Imparfinis species (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae). Journal of Heredity 108(6): 650-657. Journal link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esx065 Author PHHGouveia_CatfishRepeatsAuthorVersion Physical mapping of repetitive DNA families in the karyotypes of fish is important to understand the organization and evolution…

Polyploidy and interspecific hybridisation: partners for adaptation, speciation and evolution in plants

337. Alix K, Gérard PR, Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison JS. 2017. Polyploidy and interspecific hybridisation: partners for adaptation, speciation and evolution in plants. Annals of Botany 120(2): 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcx079  (Free access). Polyploidy, defined as whole genome duplication, is present in almost all lineages of higher plants, with multiple rounds of polyploidy occurring in most extant species. This Annals…

Identification and characterization of mobile genetic elements LINEs from Brassica genome

Nouroz F, Noreen S, Khan MF, Ahmed S, Heslop-Harrison JS. 2017. Identification and characterization of mobile genetic elements LINEs from Brassica genomes. Gene 627: 94-105. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2017.06.015.. Abstract Among transposable elements (TEs), the LTR retrotransposons are abundant followed by nonLTR retrotransposons in plant genomes, the lateral being represented by LINEs and SINEs. Computational and molecular approaches were…

Polyploidy and interspecific hybridisation: partners for adaptation, speciation and evolution in plants

337. Alix K, Gérard PR, Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison JS. 2017. Polyploidy and interspecific hybridisation: partners for adaptation, speciation and evolution in plants. Annals of Botany 120: 183–194. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcx079 (freely available) Author version (free to post) to come. Figure 1 showing polyploidy or WGD whole genome duplication events in plant evolution is here AlixSchwarzacherHeslopHarrisonPlantEvolutionPolyploidyWGDAnnalsBotany (Powerpoint format) Background. Polyploidy or whole…

New Project on Molecular Cytogenetics and Genomics of Ensete banana

We have a research project starting in 2017 on Ethiopian banana, Ensete ventricosum, for 18 months, in collaboration with Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Dr Paul Wilkin) and University of Addis Ababa (Professor Sebsebe Demissew). There is a post-doctoral position working with the project (closed 7 August 2017). The project “Modelling and genomics resources to enhance…