Agriculture and Climate Change in Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Breeding, Climate Change Adaptation, Agronomy, and Water Security

Challenges of Climate Change that plant breeders need to address: efficient use of water promoted by terracing to avoid erosion and invasion of undesirable plants
Challenges of Climate Change that plant breeders need to address: efficient use of water promoted by terracing to avoid erosion and invasion of undesirable plants

313. Noorka IR, Heslop-Harrison JS  2014. Agriculture and Climate Change in Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Breeding, Climate Change Adaptation, Agronomy, and Water Security. In: Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation, Ed Leal Filho W. 1-8.  Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Link to NoorkaHeslopHarrisonBreedingClimateChangeAuthorVersion with colour figures.

Link to typeset first page of publication.

The agriculture of Southeast Asia and the Middle East is under threat due to vagaries of abiotic stress including climate change and water-related factors. With a particular focus on the challenges facing non-industrialized and developing countries, this paper attempts to create a framework for policy makers and planning commissions as well as increasing national and regional water stress awareness. The study elaborates the agriculture eminence, water provision, conventional water usage, and adverse consequences of water status under the changing climatic conditions and urban or industrial development. The study addresses the nature of problems, regional issues, current barriers, farmer’s perceptions, and concrete efforts to save regional agriculture for sustainable food security. The consequences of climate change, water stress, and salinity have affected huge areas of developing countries from an economic and resource security perspective that leads to disaster and unstable law and order issues. Long-term planning over timescales beyond the human lifespan and anticipation of threats and opportunities is required. Consequently, an emergency plan is also needed for international, national, and regional footprints including procedures for climate change mitigation and to implement inclusive plans to combat prevailing poverty, social changes, and allied anticipated risks. It elaborates the attempts to provide a framework for policy makers and political understanding to check the hidden but viable issues relating risks of climate change in local and global scenario. It is concluded that a viable charter of climate proofing and domestication is the way to success from on-farm-to-lab and lab-to-field outreach to mitigate declining food issues. The regional and international collaborative efforts are focused to modernizing crop genetics, agronomy, field-to-fork scrutiny, and adaptation training to increase quantity and quality of food with sustainable use of water.

Publisher site link:

Link to NoorkaHeslopHarrisonBreedingClimateChangeAuthorVersionwith colour figures.

References (29)

  1. Ahmad S (2005) Water resources of Pakistan and strategy for climate change adaptations in Pakistan. In: APN and capable stake holders workshop on “Climate change impact on water in South Asia,” 13 Jan 2005, Islamabad
  2. Ahmad S, Afzal M, Noorka IR, Iqbal Z, Akhtar N, Iftkhar Y, Kamran M (2010) Prediction of yield losses in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused by yellow rust in relation to epidemiological factors in Faisalabad. Pak J Bot 42(1):401–407
  3. Angus JF, Van Herwaarden AF (2001) Increasing water use and water use efficiency in dry land wheat. Agronom J 93:290–298 CrossRef
  4. Challinor, A. J., Ewert, F., Arnold, S., Simelton, E., & Fraser, E. (2009). Crops and climate change: progress, trends, and challenges in simulating impacts and informing adaptation. Journal of experimental botany, 60(10), 2775-2789.
  5. David BL, Marshall BB, Claudia T, Michael DM, Walter PF, Rosamond LN (2008) Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science 319(5863):607–610. doi:10.1126/science.1152339 CrossRef
  6. Fischer G, Shah M, van Velthuizen H (2002) Climate change and agricultural vulnerability. In: International institute for applied systems analysis. Report prepared under UN Institutional Contract Agreement 1113 for World Summit on Sustainable Development, Luxemburg
  7. Hampel J (2006) Different concepts of risk – a challenge for risk communication. Int J Med Microbiol 296:5–10 CrossRef
  8. Heslop-Harrison JS, Schwarzacher T (2012) Genetics and genomics of crop domestication (archive preprint). (Published version). In: Altman A (ed) Plant biotechnology and agriculture: prospects for the 21st century. Paul Michael Hasegawa, pp 3–18.
  9. IPCC (2007) Summary for policymakers: C. Current knowledge about future impacts. In: Parry ML et al (eds) Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, New York
  10. Jury W, Vaux H Jr (2005) The role of science in solving the world’s emerging water problems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(44):15715–15720CrossRef
  11. Kashyap A (2004) Water governance: learning by developing adaptive capacity to incorporate climate variability and change. Water Sci Technol 49(7):141–146
  12. Lobell DB, Burke MB, Tebaldi C, Mastrandrea MD, Falcon WP, Naylor RL (2008) Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science 319(5863):607–10. doi:10.1126/science.1152339. PMID 18239122 CrossRef
  13. Moss SC, Dilling L (2004) Making climate hot. Communicating the urgency and challenges of global climate change. Environment 46(10):32–46CrossRef
  14. New M, Lopez A, Dessai S, Wilby R (2007) Challenges in using probabilistic climate change information for impact assessments: an example from the water sector. Phil Trans R Soc 365:2117–2131 CrossRef
  15. Noorka IR, Afzal M (2009) Global climatic and environmental change impact on agricultural research challenges and wheat productivity in Pakistan. Earth Sci Front 16(Si) 100
  16. Noorka IR, Schwarzacher T (2013) Water a response factor to screen suitable genotypes to fight and traverse periodic onslaughts of water scarcity in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Int J Water Res Arid Environ 3(1):37–44
  17. Noorka IR, Teixeira da Silva JA (2012) Mechanistic insight of water stress induced aggregation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) quality: the protein paradigm shift. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4(4):32–38
  18. Noorka IR, Batool A, AlSultan S, Tabasum S, Ali A (2013a) Water stress tolerance, its relationship to assimilate partitioning and potence ratio in spring wheat. Am J Plant Sci 4(2):231–237. doi:10.4236/ajps.2013.42030 CrossRef
  19. Noorka IR, Tabassum S, Afzal M (2013b) Detection of genotypic variation in response to water stress at seedling stage in escalating selection intensity for rapid evaluation of drought tolerance in wheat breeding. Pak J Bot 45(1):99–104
  20. O’Brien K, Sygna L, Leichenko R, Adger WN, Barnett J, Mitchell T, Schipper L, Tanner T, Vogel C, Mortreux C (2008) Disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and human security, a commissioned report for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. GECHS Report 2008, 3
  21. One world Sustainable Investments (2008) A climate change strategy and action plan for the Western Cape, Report commissioned by the Provincial Government of the Western Cape. Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning, Western Cape
  22. Pahl-Whost C (2007) Transition towards adaptive management of water facing climate and global change. Water Res Manag 21:49–62 CrossRef
  23. Power S, Sadler B, Nicholls N (2005) The influence of climate science on water management in Western Australia: lessons for climate scientists. Bull Am Met Soc 87(2):839–844 CrossRef
  24. Roux DJ, Rogers KH, Biggs HC, Ashton PJ, Sergeant A (2006) Bridging the science management divide: moving from unidirectional knowledge transfer to knowledge interfacing and sharing. Ecol Soc 11(1):4
  25. Schulze RE (2000) Modeling hydrological responses to land use and climate change: a Southern African perspective. Ambio 29:12–22
  26. Singh HS (2002) Impact of climate change on mangroves. In: South Asia Expert Workshop on adaptation to climate change for agricultural productivity, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, United Nations Environment Programme and Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, New Delhi
  27. Skovmand B, Varughese G, Hettel GP (1992) Wheat genetic resources at CIM-MYT: their preservation, documentation, enrichment, and distribution. CIMMYT, Mexico, p 20
  28. Von Bothmer R, Seberg O, Jacobsen N (1992) Genetic resources in the Triticeae. Hereditas 116:141–150 CrossRef
  29. Ziervogel G, Shale M, Du M (2010) Climate change adaptations in a developing country context: the case of urban water supply in Cape Town. Clim Dev 2:94–110 CrossRef

Any adverts below not associated with website!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.