Tag Archives: crops

From vegan to meat: human diet and trophic levels

Where are humans in the food chain? Bonhommeau et al. address this question in PNAS, apparently for the first time, in detail across all countries and over the period from 1961 that FAO statistics on food consumption and production are available … Continue reading

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Faisal Nouroz : Collaborator from Hazara University, Pakistan on genome organization

Dr Faisal Nouroz completed his PhD at the University of Leicester in 2012, working on mobile element evolution in two contrasting crop groups, Musa and Brassica. Dr. Faisal Nouroz held a Ph.D scholarship from the Higher Education Commission and Hazara … Continue reading

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Discussing diversity, genes and the future of bananas on the BBC Food Programme

Pat Heslop-Harrison was interviewed for BBC Radio 4 “The Food Programme”. I have posted some of the points I wanted to make on AoBBlog.com, and a link to the whole interesting programme including my interview is here after broadcast of … Continue reading

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Repetitive DNA in tetraploid peanut and its evolution from diploid Arachis

302. Bertioli DJ, Vidigal B, Nielen S, Ratnaparkhe MB, Lee T-JH, Leal-Bertioli SCM, Kim C, Guimaraes PM, Seijo G, Schwarzacher T, Paterson AH, Heslop-Harrison P, Araujo ACG. 2013. The repetitive component of the A genome of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) and its … Continue reading

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Worku Mhiret: Biodiversity and its exploitation in Ethiopian Linseed

Worku Mhiret from the University of Gondar, Ethiopia and Pat Heslop-Harrison (University of Leicester, UK) are working on linseed or flax: measuring the diversity of accessions from Ethiopia and comparing this with varieties from Ireland, Canada and elsewhere. We are … Continue reading

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Nouf Alsayied: PhD student with Saffron Crocus at the University of Leicester and faculty member Umm Al-Qura University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

My research focuses on understanding the origin and diversity of the genus Crocus (Iridaceae), with particular emphasis on a triploid sterile plant, Crocus sativus (2n=3x=24) that yields Saffron, one of the most expensive spices on earth. The saffron is the … Continue reading

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The origin of saffron: Crocus sativus

Our research projects are studying the origins and diversity in several polyploid crops: banana, wheats, Brassica, Panicum millets, Nicotiana and the saffron crocus, Crocus sativus. The spice saffron is the stigmas of the flowers, and widely appreciated in Indian and … Continue reading

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Dr Ijaz Rasool Noorka – Collaborator from University of Sargodha, Pakistan and Visiting Research Fellow

Dr Ijaz Rasool Noorka has broad interests in the development of productive and sustainable agriculture for Pakistan and developing countries. His interests complement those of the Molecular Cytogenetics Group, and have enabled us to extend our consideration of the outcomes … Continue reading

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New views on fixed nitrogen and other nutrients in crops and the environment

Two works have been published which substantially update long-standing views about nitrogen and crops. The first, Bender et al. (2013), points out that the whole nutrient balance of maize, and applications of NPK (nitrogen, phosphate and potassium) and micronutrients may … Continue reading

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Superdomestication, feed-forward breeding and climate proofing crops

Climate Proofing of Food Crops, through genetic improvement for adaptation, is an important, medium-term, objective to ensure food-security and increase production while enhancing the sustainability of agriculture. The IAEA has a Coordinated Research Project discussing this topic (archive version). In … Continue reading

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Alien chromosome introgression transferring characters into bread wheat

In situ hybridization is now widely used to identify the nature and size of chromosome, chromosome arm and chromosome segment introgressions from alien or wild species in plant breeding lines. The molecular cytogenetics research group has several projects investigating introgression … Continue reading

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Mateus Mondin University of Sao Paulo Brazil: collaborator

We are collaborating with Professor Doctor Mateus Mondin from the University of São Paulo, ESALQ, Piracicaba, Brazil, on repetitive DNA evolution in Medicago DNA sequences, and its contribution to genome evolution and variation. The environmental, nutritional (animal, and plant through nitrogen fixation) … Continue reading

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Plant nuclear genome composition

299. Heslop-Harrison, JS (Pat); and Schmidt, T (August 2012) Plant Nuclear Genome Composition. In: eLS 2012, John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Chichester http://www.els.net/ Author-prepared preprint linked here. Subscription DOI:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470015902.a0002014.pub2/abstract (but this link seems not to work: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0002014.pub2 Nov 2012). Intranet: http://www.le.ac.uk/biology/phh4/HHpubs/ELS_PlantGenomes_SchmidtHH.pdf due Nov 2012). The … Continue reading

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How genomes evolve and their future

296. Heslop-Harrison JS. 2012. Genome evolution: extinction, continuation or explosion? Current Opinion in Plant Biology 15:115–121. Subscription: http://dx.DOI.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2012.03.006. Free Author self-archive preprint here. – Genome-scale evolution involves mutation, chromosomal rearrangements, hybridization and polyploidy – Repeated sequences, not genes, can be localized … Continue reading

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Breeding and superdomestication in banana

293. Heslop-Harrison JS. 2011. Genomics, banana breeding and superdomestication. Proceedings of the International ISHS-ProMusa Symposium on Global Perspectives on Asian Challenges Eds.: Van den Bergh I, Smith M, Swennen R, Hermanto C. Acta Horticulturae 897: 55-62. ISBN: 978-90-66051-38-6 Publisher link. Author … Continue reading

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